February 28


Department of Energy Community Solar Program: A Guide for Homeowners and Subscribers

By Alexander Reed

February 28, 2024

With growing concerns over climate change and the excessive use of fossil fuels contributing to a majority of the world's energy production, the transition towards more sustainable sources of power is imperative.

Solar energy emerges as a beacon of hope within the renewable energy spectrum, offering a cleaner, more sustainable alternative to traditional electricity sources, according to the solar energy technologies office.

Among the innovations in this field, community solar programs stand out for their accessibility and collective approach. This guide delves into the Department of Energy’s Community Solar Program, providing homeowners and subscribers with a comprehensive understanding of how to harness the power of the sun collectively, without the need for individual rooftop installations.

Table of Contents

What is Community Solar and How Does It Work?

Understanding the Structure of a Community Solar Project

At its core, a community solar project involves a solar energy generation system that multiple people share, benefiting from the electricity generated without having to install solar panels directly on their property.

Managed by community solar providers, these projects, often supported by the solar energy technologies office, can range from small-scale installations serving a handful of homes to significant arrays powering entire communities.

The Department of Energy supports the development of such initiatives, recognizing their potential to democratize access to clean energy across the nation.

How Subscribers Benefit from Community Solar Programs

Subscribers to a community solar program can expect to see a notable reduction in their electric bills. By participating in community solar, homeowners and renters alike pay a subscription fee to access the energy generated by the solar array, offsetting their traditional electricity usage and costs.

This arrangement not only makes solar energy without the need for rooftop solar more accessible but also introduces the benefits of solar energy to a broader audience, including those previously unable to participate due to technical, financial, or logistical barriers.

The Role of Solar Panels in Community Solar Arrays

Solar panels are the backbone of any community solar array. They capture sunlight and convert it into electricity, which is then distributed among subscribers, underscoring the fundamental mechanism by which community solar works, an essential part of developing community solar initiatives.

The advantages of utilizing a solar array instead of individual rooftop systems include optimized placement and maintenance, leading to higher efficiency and lower costs. Additionally, as part of a larger system, individual performance variations have less impact on the overall energy produced, ensuring a more stable and reliable source of clean energy, a key goal of the national renewable energy laboratory.

Benefits of Joining a Community Solar Program

Reducing Your Electric Bill Without Installing Panels on Your Rooftop

One of the primary attractions of community solar for homeowners and renters is the opportunity to reduce their electric bill without the capital investment and commitment of installing solar panels on their rooftop.

Community solar programs offer a flexible, low-commitment alternative to traditional solar installations, with many programs providing savings from day one.

Supporting Renewable Energy and Solar Works in Your Community

By subscribing to a developing community solar program, individuals not only benefit from clean energy but also contribute to the growth of renewable energy in their area, aligning with the coalition of community solar stakeholders working to expand access.

This support bolsters the local economy through solar works and related industries, creating jobs and fostering a sustainable community ethos centered on reducing carbon footprints and protecting the environment.

Access to Solar for Renters and Those without Rooftop Options

Community solar effectively democratizes access to solar energy, allowing those without suitable rooftops, such as renters and individuals in multi-unit buildings, to participate, enhancing community solar access.

This inclusivity is a significant step forward in making clean energy available to a broader segment of the population, overcoming one of the traditional barriers to solar energy adoption.

How to Become a Community Solar Subscriber

Finding a Community Solar Project in Your Area

To subscribe to a community solar program, interested individuals should start by researching available projects in their area, contributing to the national effort of expanding access to affordable community solar.

The Department of Energy’s National Community Solar Partnership provides resources and tools to locate community solar projects, ensuring consumer protection and supporting energy equity. Prospective subscribers can also contact local utility companies or search online for community solar providers operating in their region.

Understanding the Subscription Process

The subscription process to become a community solar subscriber typically involves signing up through the community solar provider’s website or contact center, a key step advocated by stakeholders for expanding access to affordable community solar.

During this process, potential subscribers will learn about the different subscription plans available, including any upfront costs, monthly fees, and estimated savings. Clear communication regarding the terms of the agreement, including duration and cancellation policies, is crucial to ensure a positive experience for all community solar customers involved.

Assessing the Financial and Environmental Benefits of Your Subscription

Prior to finalizing a community solar subscription, it’s important to comprehensively assess both the financial and environmental benefits. Financially, the subscription should offer clear savings on electric bills and favorable terms, making it a cornerstone for expanding access to affordable community solar to every interested individual.

Environmentally, subscribing to a community solar project contributes to a reduction in reliance on fossil fuels, lowering carbon emissions, and furthering the cause of clean energy generation within the community.

Community Solar for Low-Income Communities

Addressing Energy Equity through Low-Income Community Solar Programs

Community solar presents an opportunity to address energy equity, particularly for low-income communities often disproportionately impacted by high energy costs, underscoring the mission of shared solar.

Low-income community solar programs, supported by policies and incentives at the federal and state levels, aim to reduce the energy burden on these communities, providing them with access to affordable clean energy sources.

Barriers and Solutions for Low-Income Community Participation

Despite the benefits, there are barriers to low-income community participation in community solar projects, including lack of awareness, financial constraints, and accessibility issues.

Solutions include targeted outreach, flexible subscription models, and leveraging community organizations to facilitate participation, improving community solar access and elevating the role of solar stakeholders working to expand accessibility. By removing these barriers, community solar can become a more inclusive and affordable community solar solution, accessible to all.

The Importance of Inclusive Policies in Community Solar Initiatives

Inclusive policies play a crucial role in ensuring the benefits of community solar are accessible to communities of all income levels. The Department of Energy, through initiatives like the National Community Solar Partnership, works to promote policies that encourage the development of community solar projects tailored to the needs of low-income households, thereby fostering a more equitable energy landscape.

Future Trends in Community Solar

The Growing Role of Utility Companies in Community Solar

Utility companies are increasingly recognizing the potential of community solar to meet consumer demand for renewable energy while supporting grid resilience, reflecting a significant community solar works philosophy.

As such, many utilities are now actively developing or partnering with community solar projects, reflecting a significant shift towards embracing and integrating community solar into the broader energy market.

Innovations in Solar Technology and Their Impact on Community Solar

Advances in solar technology, including more efficient solar panels and energy storage solutions, are set to profoundly impact the community solar market. Such innovations promise to lower costs, increase energy generation efficiency, and make community solar projects even more accessible and appealing to a broader demographic, highlighting the importance of keeping abreast of community solar market trends.

How Policy Changes Can Shape the Future of Community Solar Programs

Policy changes at the federal, state, and local levels will be critical in shaping the future of community solar. Incentives for clean energy, regulations supporting community solar development, and policies designed to ensure fair access and consumer protection are all areas where legislative action can significantly influence the growth and sustainability of community solar programs.


Q: What is community solar and how does it work?

A: Community solar allows individuals to benefit from solar energy without installing panels on their rooftops. Essentially, subscribers can buy or lease a share of a solar farm located offsite, and the energy generated by their share is credited to their electricity bill, reducing their monthly payments. This model enables those who go solar without installing their own systems to still support and benefit from renewable energy, a key principle of shared renewable energy programs.

Q: Can I participate in a community solar program if I don't have a suitable rooftop for solar panels?

A: Yes, one of the biggest advantages of community solar is that it provides a way to go solar without installing panels on your rooftop. Whether you live in an apartment, have shaded or north-facing rooftops, or simply prefer not to install rooftop solar, you can still subscribe to community solar projects and receive the benefits of solar power.

Q: How can I find a community solar project near me?

A: To find community solar projects in your area, you can start by visiting the Community Solar Marketplace on the Solar Energy Technologies Office's website or consult with local energy providers. Many regions now host at least one community solar project, and the marketplace or utility companies can help connect you with available options that match your energy needs and goals, promoting energy savings.

Q: Is joining a community solar program more affordable than installing a rooftop solar system?

A: Joining a community solar program can be more affordable than installing a rooftop solar system, particularly because it requires no upfront installation costs for the subscriber. The financial benefits, including how much you save on your electricity bill, depend on the specifics of the program, such as your energy usage, the size of your share in the solar project, and the subscription fees. Many programs are designed to make solar power more accessible and affordable, aligning with the movement towards affordable community solar and reflecting the goals of the coalition of community solar stakeholders.

Q: How does community solar benefit the environment?

A: Community solar projects contribute to environmental benefits by increasing the amount of renewable energy on the grid, thereby reducing reliance on fossil fuels and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. Each subscriber's share of the solar farm directly supports the expansion of solar energy capacity, playing a crucial role in the transition towards a more sustainable and cleaner energy future, in line with the objectives of shared renewable energy programs.

Q: Can businesses also subscribe to community solar?

A: Yes, both homeowners and businesses can subscribe to community solar projects, participating in a movement led by a coalition of community solar stakeholders working to make renewable energy widely accessible. This is an excellent opportunity for businesses to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and take advantage of the economic benefits of solar energy, including potential savings on energy costs and increased energy efficiency, without the need to install their own systems.


Q: How do I ensure that I'm getting the most out of my community solar subscription?

A: To maximize the benefits of your community solar subscription, consider the terms of your agreement carefully, including the price structure, length of contract, and flexibility in case you move, ensuring alignment with the goals of expanding access to affordable community solar. It's also wise to improve your home’s energy efficiency to further reduce your energy costs. Engaging with the community solar marketplace and understanding the community solar basics can help you make informed decisions.

Q: How long does a community solar contract typically last?

A: The length of a community solar contract can vary significantly depending on the project and provider, an important consideration for potential community solar customers. Typical agreements range from 5 to 25 years, suitable for varying degrees of commitment suited to solar enthusiasts and those aligned with the movement to expand access to affordable community solar to every segment of society. It's important to review the contract terms closely and consider your long-term energy needs and living situation before subscribing. Many providers offer flexible terms or options to transfer your subscription if you move within the same utility area.

Alexander Reed

About the author

Greetings! I'm Alexander Reed, the heart and mind behind SolUnique, your comprehensive guide to the innovative world of solar energy. With over a decade spent in the renewable energy sector, my journey from a curious student to an established solar energy expert has been fueled by a passion for sustainable living and technological innovation.

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